What are the differences between a business appraiser, CPA auditor, and a due diligence expert?
It has been said that you cannot judge a man until you have walked a mile in his shoes.
Over the years I have trod the business path--for much more than a mile--in the role (if not in the footwear) of business appraiser, CPA and due diligence expert.
And since setting up Due Diligence Assistance for buyers, I have gained a new respect for what knowledgeable CPAs have to go through when assisting their buyer clients in investigating a business. With very limited information they must determine if the books are "cooked" (containing false and incomplete information) and if so, by how much.
The CPA may find him or herself in the most awkward position of being informed--usually by the seller--that the business books are not completely accurate because they understate the company's earnings--a fabrication intended to reduce the seller's tax liability. Most accounting professionals who listen to that explanation have to wonder if the seller--who now has admitted to being dishonest--is also attempting to deceive the buyer by claiming the company does more business than is shown in its records.
Meanwhile, the appraiser often is asked to take the information provided by the accounting professional and use it to establish a "fair market value" on which the buyer can rely. The competent appraisal professional will, of course, analyze the macroeconomic factors--including industry trends, status of the economy and competitive environment--plus the capacity of the company (given the condition of its assets, the ability and loyalty of employees, and effectiveness of its marketing programs), to continue functioning in the future as it has in the past.
And what does the appraiser make of the figures furnished by the CPA who is analyzing the company's books and hearing about some manipulation by the seller?
The appraisal professional will have to issue a report with a disclaimer, stating either that: 1) the value is based on the figures supplied by the accountant--figures that should be verified, if possible, by the buyer; or 2) the value assumes the validity of income information which has been claimed, but has not been documented, by the seller.
This is the puzzle, not yet solved, that often is delivered to the due diligence advisor, along with the request that he, or she provide a solution.
If the CPA is a "numbers scientist" and the appraiser is a "theorist" who understands how to apply principals and formulae to specific situations, the role of the due diligence expert is to be the "professional investigator." This is the person whose skill is focused on taking all this information, mixing it with his or her detective work, and providing a sensible interpretation of what was learned, so the buyer can make an intelligent decision about whether or not to buy the business, and if so, for how much.
Among the questions to be pondered by the due diligence pro is the validity of the seller's stated reason for wanting to turn the business over to someone else. In my experience, there often is another reason--one that is not stated. And part of the job of the person conducting due diligence is to try to learn what's really going on.
Accurate answers to this question can shed a new light on the situation and help a buyer to determine--along with the other information provided by the due diligence advisor--if this really is a business worth buying, and if so, at what price.
About The Author: Willard Michlin, CPA offers business buyers Due Diligence Services (Second Opinion, Offer Assistance, Final Due Diligence) when they are thinking of making an offer on a business or in the process of investigating a business purchase. Serving all of Southern California. He has written numerous articles on the due diligence process and can be reached direct at 562-286-1818 for more information and an appointment.
|Helpful Resources To Assist In Selling And Buying California Businesses|
|Helen Yoo: Escrow & Bulk Sale Services - Southern California
New Century Escrow, Inc. is a fully licensed & bonded independent escrow company. Over 20 years combined experience in handling bulk escrow transactions. Multi-lingual staff that speaks your language, including Korean, Chinese, Vietnamese. Call Helen Yoo direct at 626-890-1151.
|Willard Michlin, CPA, Certified Fraud Examiner, Due Diligence Services
Willard Michlin, CPA #106752, offers buyers step by step training & assistance in doing Due Diligence Services when they are thinking of making an offer, or are in process of investigating a business purchase. He helps to determine the actual net profit even when there is cash. Call 800-864-0420.
|Mark Chatow, Esq.: Legal Services For Buying, Selling Businesses
Mark has a broad range of small business purchase & sale experience from analyzing potential acquisition targets to successfully guiding buyers and sellers through the purchase & sale of small businesses. Mark can assist with contracts, negotiations, legal matters, etc. Reach Mark at 949-478-8393.
|Diane Boudreau-Tschetter: Escrow And Bulk Sale Services
California Business Escrow, Inc. is a full service independent escrow company serving all of California and has expertise in a wide range of escrows. Our team prides itself on providing an exceptional escrow experience. For more info phone Diane Boudreau-Tschetter at 888-383-3331 or 209-838-1100.
|Ron Hottes, Broker - Serving LA, Orange, Inland Empire Area
LINK Business is a business brokerage team of 28 highly skilled and seasoned professionals. Our business brokers have over 100 years of cumulative experience & the expertise to help you buy or sell a business in the LA County, Orange, Inland Empire areas. Call Ron for a consultation at 310-539-8300.
|Ryan Clark, Business Broker, Southern California
The Veld Group provides a refreshing approach to Business Brokerage, Mergers & Acquisitions and Business Consulting and Valuations. From Your Street to Wall Street, we cater to Main Street Businesses as well as more complex Strategic Firms and Start-Ups. Phone Ryan at 310-652-8353.
|Joanne Weber, Broker - Preschool Specialist - Southern California
The Ryan Craig Company is in its 35th year as the recognized expert in Southern California, dealing exclusively in the sale of preschools, Montessori schools, day care centers, and private schools. Our extensive list of references speaks for itself. Phone Joanne at 818-760-3684 for more info.
|Michael Davidson, Business Broker - Southern California
Los Angeles Business Broker providing M&A quality services for Small Business Owners. We leverage our technology and expertise to Simplify & Expedite the Business Sales Process. Matching the right buyer with the right business is how we define success.
|Related Articles, Events, Blog Posts, Discussions, Videos, Interviews|
|Business Purchase Financing Help - Expert Tips For Faster SBA Loan Approvals
Business purchase financing advisor Peter Siegel, MBA shares his views on SBA loan financing. He explains the nuances of the SBA loan process when considering business purchase financing or getting pre-qualified. Reach Peter Siegel, MBA direct at 866-270-6278 regarding SBA & Non SBA Loan Financing.
|Mentoring In How To Buy A Business - Tips From Expert Willard Michlin, CPA
Willard Michlin, CPA a due diligence specialist shares his views on the mentoring process & about how buyers can "profit" from such a relationship when searching and buying a business. Mr. Michlin, CPA (800-864-0420) performs due-diligence services and and consulting services for business buyers.
|Due Diligence Issues: What Business Buyers Should Know About The Process
Willard Michlin - CPA, CFE at 800-864-0420 elaborates why you can do a large portion of the due diligence yourself, depending on your background, but you should never try to do it solely on your own. In this BizBen blog post he explores ways business business buyers get themselves into trouble.
|Business Purchase Financing Expert Gives Tips On Proving Cash Flow
What are the actual "provable" adjusted net earnings (cash flow) of a small to mid-sized business being purchased? Buyers need to look carefully at all financial info for the "real" adjusted net income or cash flow. Peter Siegel, MBA (business purchase financing expert) at 866-270-6278 explains.
|Due Diligence Checklist: 10 Key Items To Investigate When Buying Businesses
Buying a California small business involves reviewing due diligence checklists so buyers can learn enough to determine whether to proceed with a deal. Here's a due diligence checklist. Peter Siegel, MBA (BizBen ProBuy Advisor & Business Purchase Financing Expert) at 866-270-6278 shares his views.
|Thinking About Selling A Small Business? Know These 8 Factors That Matter
The likelihood of selling a business is often determined by external factors in the marketplace. Here are eight influences on how easy, or difficult it might be when selling a small California business. Peter Siegel at 866-270-6278 (BizBen ProSell Program) explains these factors for owner/sellers.
|Differences Between Business Appraisers, CPA's, And Due Diligence Experts
What are the differences between a Business Appraiser, CPA auditor and Due Diligence Expert - and why should you care? Insights from Willard Michlin, CPA (800-864-0420) in his latest BizBen blog post that will be useful for someone engaged in, or planning to conduct due diligence in the future
|Purchase A Business With Limited Or No Cash - Financing Tips For Buyers
Purchasing a business with no money down can be difficult, but not impossible. Financing a business purchase or down payment can often be accomplished with these strategies from Peter Siegel, MBA (Business Purchase Financing Expert, ProBuy & ProSell Program Advisor with BizBen) at 866-270-6278.
|See All News, Tips And Events|