Restaurant And Fast Food Franchises - Buying Tips From A Pro


Restaurant And Fast Food Franchises

Buying a restaurant franchise, whether it's a dining establishment with table service or a fast food operation, requires some investigation steps that may not apply to purchasing an independent restaurant for sale.

The entrepreneur wanting to purchase a new operation from the franchisor or an existing business from a franchisee should become familiar with these buying tips. 

Tips For Buying A Franchise Restaurant Include:


1. Carefully analyze the Franchise Disclosure Document (formerly called the Uniform Franchise Offering Circular) to learn important information about the franchise company and about the specific operation, if it is established. As specified by rules laid down by the Federal Trade Commission, information that must be disclosed to all prospective franchisee ten days before signing the franchise agreement, includes details about any bankruptcies or legal problems experienced by the franchisor, plus names and contact information for other franchisees. Specific responsibilities of each franchisee also will be included.

 

2. Don't expect that receiving specific financial performance records from franchisors is automatic. Sales and earnings figures are almost always provided by the seller of an independent company, but may not be available to a prospective buyer investigating a restaurant franchise. The Item 19 section in the FDD, titled Financial Performance Representations, is not necessarily going to include the kind of information furnished by most sellers who share books and records with prospective buyers.

3. It's critical to talk to other franchisees to learn their experience with the franchisor and with the business. Some buyers might assume that because contact information is provided for other owners in the system, their reports about the franchise always will be very positive. That's not always the case. Asking franchisees if they are successful, how long it took them to show a profit, and inquiring about problems they face is an important due-diligence step.

4. Territorial exclusivity is another assumption that some buyers might make, but at a risk. Several franchise companies, not just in the restaurant business, have a history of beefing up their competitive presence in a specific area by adding additional franchisees. The parent company's gross revenues in the district may grow as the franchisor planned, but the result may be that the involvement of more franchisees means that none of them is very profitable. There may be a larger pie, but with more slices, each participant will get a smaller share.

5. Financing assistance often is important to help a purchaser take over a franchise restaurant. Even the buyer who does not need to borrow additional funds to complete the deal should investigate the availability of financing through the franchisor, or from a lender who works with the franchisor. If the company has not been able to gain the cooperation of a business lending institution to help finance new franchisees, it may be a clue that the franchise company does not have a solid earnings record.

6. Another assumption often made by prospective purchasers of restaurant franchise offerings is that the company must be successful if there has been no record of a failed franchisee in the area. What franchisors don't always disclose is that they sometimes will take over a failing franchisee and continue to operate it, even though there's no profit to be made. The franchisor may be willing to incur the loss rather than get a bad reputation that comes from closing a restaurant. That's another reason to talk to other franchisees in the system--the possibility of learning about individual restaurants that have not proved profitable for former franchisees.

Because there are some unique factors involved in buying a restaurant franchise, as distinct form an independent food operation, the prospective buyer is advised to follow these tips before making a fast food or restaurant franchise purchase.

Categories: BizBen Blog Contributor, Buying A Business, Franchises For Sale, How To Buy A Business

Contributor:

Peter Siegel, MBA
Areas Served: All Of California
Phone:  925-785-3118 Cell, 925-785-3118 Text
Founder Of BizBen.com (since 1994). I am the Lead Advisor for the ProSell, ProBuy, & ProIntermediary Programs. I consult daily with buyers, sellers, and brokers daily about buying and selling California small to mid-sized businesses. Call 925-785-3118.

Comments Regarding This Blog Post


One thing I have seen come up many times, and should be investigated by the buyer, is that the franchisor will require franchisees to renovate the look of their stores, which could cost thousands upon thousands of dollars, and so many sellers will try to sell when they know this requirement is coming up in the next couple of years. Also, buyers should investigate what type of testing franchisors have. I have experienced certain franchisors who have language proficiency tests, which can be really hard, even for who English is their first language, like me. A buyer who will struggle with the testing process might want to enlist a family member who has strong verbal skills, and have them do the testing and training process, and be a partner of some kind in the business.






  Helpful Resources To Assist In Selling And Buying California Businesses
Janet Carrera: Escrow & Bulk Sale Service - SF Bay Area

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Harry Sidhu, CBB, Broker: SF Bay Area, Central Valley, SAC Region

Assisting both sellers and buyers of businesses - dealing mainly with Liquor Stores, Grocery Markets, Gas Stations, Smoke Shops, Restaurant Related, Retail Related, Service Related. Serving SF Bay Area, North Bay, Sacramento area. Call Harry Sidhu, CBB for assistance at 510-366-6130.

Peter Siegel MBA, BizBen Founder, ProBuy, ProSell, ProIntermediary Programs

Founder Of BizBen.com (since 1994). I am the Lead Advisor for the ProSell, ProBuy, & ProIntermediary Programs. I consult daily with buyers, sellers, and brokers daily about buying and selling California small to mid-sized businesses. Call 925-785-3118.

Timothy Cunha JD, Business Broker: SF Bay Area

SF Bay Area experienced attorney, & business broker. I & my EvergreenGold team offer owners sound advice & expertise to build business value & achieve profitable sales. For a FREE business evaluation & SWOT analysis for your business call me direct at 650-600-3751, 650-866-5393 Text.

Jack Oh, Business Broker: Southern California

Business broker and real estate services in the Los Angeles and Orange County areas. 10 years experience with great negotiating skills. To sell a business or buy a business in the LA or Orange County Areas phone Jack and his team at 562-787-4989 Cell / Text.

Joe Ranieri, Business Broker: Orange, LA County Areas

Having owned retail/restaurant businesses for over 20 years, my interest turned to selling businesses rather than owning them. I specialize in LA & Orange County restaurants, fast food independents and chains, bars, & liquor stores. Call 714-292-5448 Cell/Text.

Elizabeth McGovern: Escrow Services - San Francisco Bay Area

McGovern Escrow Services, Inc., is a leading independent escrow company. We are a trusted partner with our clients, assisting them through the tangled bulk sale & liquor license transfer process. We provide attentive, quality & innovative customer service. Phone Elizabeth McGovern at 415-735-3645.

Michael Davidson, Business Broker - Southern California

Los Angeles Business Broker providing M&A quality services for Small Business Owners. We leverage our technology and expertise to Simplify & Expedite the Business Sales Process. Matching the right buyer with the right business is how we define success.


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