A past business buyer in my BizBen ProBuy Program for financing pre-qualification and loan placement and evaluation assistance came back with me to share his observations of what he felt were the obstacles and potential hot spots for buying a liquor store business.
The demand for liquor stores is high because the industry is less susceptible to the effects of recessions, which makes it one of the more stable business opportunities out there. While the perception is that liquor stores are good choices for owners who want to be “absentee owners”, the fact is, liquor stores are much more of a “hands-on” business than many think. Owning a liquor store requires strict management and organization, perhaps more than other types of small businesses.
He shared with me these 4 key observations:
It's A Hands-On Job
The owner of a liquor store need to be a full-time employee, or if that is not possible, hire someone that they really, really trust to run the day to day management. A liquor store is not an ideal absentee-run businesses, because proper inventory management is extremely important in running a successful liquor store. Also, because a large percentage of transactions are made with cash, it's incumbent on the owner to keep on top of what is going with his or her business on a daily basis. As an owner, you can expect to work 50-60 hours per week to ensure the business runs smoothly and to minimize any losses.
Every city, and county in the state has a different set of laws pertaining to retail liquor licenses. Problems with liquor licenses are the number one reason deals fail. Depending on where the business is located, transferring or getting a new license can be simple. But, sometimes there are areas that have moratoriums on new licenses. The first thing a potential buyer needs to do is thoroughly investigate the laws and current policies regarding liquor licenses in the specific area where the liquor store is located.
Books And Records Must Be In Order
Liquor store owners have a reputation for not only skimming the books but also keeping poor records in general. Because many transactions are made in cash it may be impossible to determine the business’s real profits. The seller may be trying to include unreported income into their asking price, but if the owner is lying to the taxing authorities he or she is probably lying to you as well. When buying a liquor store you need to hire experienced accountants to go over the books thoroughly. I highly suggest that if you buy a liquor store you keep good and honest records. It will not only make the job of selling your business easier, it will also keep you out of trouble with the taxing authorities.
Liquor stores are generally priced at the businesses value plus inventory. A successful liquor store will turn over its inventory 8-10 times per year. Make sure the inventory is current and salable, otherwise you will be paying for additional inventory on top of paying for the existing inventory in the purchase of the liquor store.
Owning a liquor store can be profitable, but it's not easy. It takes a strong management personality, the willingness to work long hours and the diligence to keep accurate records. You should always do your due diligence when buying any business, but especially a liquor store due to its high percentage of cash sales and it's reputation for shoddy bookkeeping.
If you have other feedback about buying a liquor store besides what my past client has mentioned above please feel free to share your experiences below on this BizBen Discussion. Thanks.