First we need to figure out what multiples we are talking about and what we are using them for.
There are multiples of gross sales, seller's discretionary earnings (SDE), earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA). Multiples are also used as general rules of thumb. For this article I will concentrate on the methods used for the purpose of the sale or purchase of a business.
Multiples of gross sales are the least accurate as they do not account for the quality and profitability of a business as they tend to be averages for classes of businesses. Some business owners know how to run a business and make excellent profits while others barely survive. These multiples are generally used for business categories that have large numbers of the same type of businesses, such as franchises.
Multiples determine the relative value of the business's cash flow, but they do not measure the business asset value. I use a multiple to determine only the cash flow portion of the business. An asset bases analysis is a separate part of the appraisal.
For a sale of a business we need to know the SDE and the EBITDA In other words, the net income plus the seller's discretionary earnings, interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization are necessary. This number should represent the amount of money a new buyer would expect to have available after purchasing the business. Interest and taxes will depend on how the business is financed and run. Depreciation and amortization are tax credits and the money remains in the business.
Differences in businesses will require use of different multiple values. Manufacturing businesses will have a middle of the road value while construction companies will have a multiple of about half and some high demand businesses may be double. Size matters, as larger businesses will have larger multiples.
Changes in economic conditions don't change the basic multiples I use for appraisals. As economic conditions grow or deteriorate the gross sales and adjusted net profit of a business will go up or down thus increasing or decreasing the businesses value.
I also use certain economic changes to adjust the net profit based on such things as growth or decline in sales over prior years, businesses having customers that represent a large percentage of their business and other cash flow influences.
I very rarely find reason to adjust the multiples I use for an appraisal and I have been doing this for over 20 plus years.
About The Author: Bob Klein is President and Owner of Business Appraisals, providing California business owners and business buyers business appraisal services on all types of businesses. Bob Klein can be reached direct at 949-254-4062 regarding business valuations and appraisals.
|Helpful Resources To Assist In Selling And Buying California Businesses|
|Ralph Santos, Business Broker Specialist - Health Care Related Businesses
Using my MBA and my perseverance I will make things happen! I provide business brokerage niche services specializing in the hospice and home health care agency industry in the Los Angeles County or Ventura County areas. For either buying or selling assistance please phone or email me today.
|Joe Ranieri, Business Broker, Orange & LA County Areas
Having owned retail/restaurant businesses for over 20 years, my interest turned to listing and selling businesses rather than owning them. I specialize tend to specialize in Orange County high volume restaurants, fast food independents and chains, bars and liquor stores. Call 714-292-5448.
|William Park, Business Broker - Southern California
Highest Volume Broker in California, Simply Check our HUNDREDS of Listings! Over 25 Associates, Speaking Dozen Languages, Helping Buyers and Sellers of Small Business since 1982, Centrally Located between Los Angeles and Orange Counties, while Riverside & San Bernardino Counties are Very Accessible.
|Taj Randhawa, Business Broker Specialist - Gas Stations, Liquor Stores
If you are interested buying or selling a gas station, liquor store feel free to phone me for a consultation. My vast experience & specialization in gas stations & liquor stores helps me in serving my clients with full confidence, trust & sincerity. Serving Central Valley, SF Bay Area. 559-259-4247.
|Joanne Weber, Broker - Preschool Specialist - Southern California
The Ryan Craig Company is in its 35th year as the recognized expert in Southern California, dealing exclusively in the sale of preschools, Montessori schools, day care centers, and private schools. Our extensive list of references speaks for itself. Phone Joanne at 818-760-3684 for more info.
|Lee Petsas, Business Broker - Orange, San Diego Counties, Inland Empire
UBI Business Brokers has been successfully selling businesses in Southern California since 1965. Our Agents have over 100 years of experience in selling small to medium size businesses throughout Southern California. We service Orange County, Inland Empire, San Diego. Phone Lee at 714-363-0440.
|Ryan Clark, Business Broker, Southern California
The Veld Group provides a refreshing approach to Business Brokerage, Mergers & Acquisitions and Business Consulting and Valuations. From Your Street to Wall Street, we cater to Main Street Businesses as well as more complex Strategic Firms and Start-Ups. Phone Ryan at 310-652-8353.
|Jeff Back, Broker: Restaurant Specialist - SF Bay Area
J. Back & Associates Restaurant Real Estate was founded in 1988 as the first bay area real estate company to specialize exclusively in restaurant real estate. I am the past President of Charley Browns restaurants and have been involved in the restaurant business for over 35 years. 925-736-8200.
|Related Articles, Events, Blog Posts, Discussions, Videos, Interviews|
|Tips From A Restaurant Broker - Check A Restaurant For Karma Before You Buy
Jeff Back (925-736-8200), a SF Bay Area broker specialist who specializes in selling restaurants discusses what he looks for when sizing up a potential restaurant for sale. Do the restaurants you're thinking of purchasing have good Karma? See Jeff's insights into this topic on restaurant karma.
|Selling A Laundromat? Top Tips: Valuation, Pricing, Finding Buyers, Resouces
Laundrys are popular choices among business buyers as they often can be successfully run as an absentee run business. You need to be strategic about when you sell your Laundromat so you don't get taken to the cleaners! Peter Siegel, MBA (at BizBen) provides laundry purchase financing - 925-785-3118.
|Specialty Restaurant Broker Discusses Liquor Licenses & Working With The ABC
What you will read in this BizBen blog post you will probably not find in any manual or set of instructions provided by the ABC (liquor licenses in California). This blog post by Jeff Back (SF Bay Area Restaurant Broker Specialist) at 925-736-8200 discusses this topic of liquor licenses in detail.
|Interview: With Chuck Post On How To Buy A Laundry Business Successfully
Chuck Post (and his Associate Chris Mason) a California laundry consultant, due diligence specialist, buyer representative for laundry buyers shares his thoughts with Peter Siegel, MBA on his weekly BizBen Vlog & Podcast show. Chuck and Chris cover all related topics on buying a California laundry.
|When Buying A Laundry Why Buyers Should Have An Exit Strategy When Buying
Chuck Post (reach him at 619-227-5711) a laundry consultant, specialty broker, buyer representative & due diligence advisor starts this discussion on why it's important to have an exit strategy in mind while buying a laundromat! He & others explain why this concept is so important to serious buyers.
|FREE Webinar: Buying Or Selling San Francisco Restaurants - Best Practices
This informative 40 minute interview/webinar about buying & selling restaurants in San Francisco with restaurant broker specialist Cheryl Maloney is a real eye opener for restaurant buyers and sellers. Cheryl gives great advice to both buyers and sellers from her years of experience in the industry.
|Buying A Restaurant With Financing: 5 Options For Restaurant Business Buyers
In this Discussion, Peter Siegel MBA (Business Purchase Financing Advisor at 925-785-3118) discusses financing of purchasing a small to mid-sized restaurant business (with or without real estate). When it comes to financing a restaurant, potential restaurant buyers have many options to choose from.
|Laundry Broker Explains Laundry Leases: 4 Big Issues For Buyers And Sellers
Chuck Post (Laundry Buyer Rep, Consultant, Due Diligence) discusses what laundry buyers and sellers should consider when reviewing and considering a laundromat lease. A must read for potential laundry buyers and owner/sellers of card and coin operated laundromats. Reach Chuck at 619-227-5711.
|See All News, Tips And Events|